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Hip Arthroscopy (Labral Reconstruction)

The labrum is a ring of cartilage that surrounds the socket of the hip joint. It plays a vital role in joint biomechanics including hip stability and support. A torn labrum can cause pain and limit range of motion in the hip joint, and if left untreated, can lead to joint deterioration and the development of arthritis. Studies report that arthroscopic hip labral reconstruction significantly improves pain, function and return to sports, and the avoidance or postponing of hip replacement surgery.

Hip arthroscopy labral reconstruction is a minimally invasive surgical procedure used to treat a severe symptomatic torn labrum in the hip joint that is so badly damaged that it cannot be repaired using other techniques and when a previous labral repair has failed. The goal is to restore natural joint anatomy to regain function and preserve the hip joint. Hip preservation techniques are preferred for young, active patients.

Primary and revision hip arthroscopic labral reconstruction for irreparable labral tears has been shown to reliably provide clinically significant improvements in function, pain and patient satisfaction. Studies also report high rates of return to sports in athletes, and young active patients.

Developed in part by the surgeons at LALL Orthopedics +, arthroscopic hip labral reconstruction is a more advanced surgical technique compared to the arthroscopic repair. The procedure involves the removal of all damaged, and pain-generating tissues; and the creation of a new labrum by grafting tissue from another part of the body, such as the iliotibial band, the hamstring tendon, or a cadaveric donor tissue, to replace the damaged and missing labrum. Recent studies report no differences in outcomes between allografts and autografts.

Your LALL Orthopedics + surgeon will review your medical records, ask about previous hip surgery, your pain, any hip injuries, your sports activities, and which activities aggravate your symptoms.  They will perform an orthopedic physical exam including testing range of motion, strength, and muscle and nerve function. They will order x-rays and an MRI to evaluate the hip joint. With this information they may recommend arthroscopic hip labrum reconstruction.

When indicated, your LALL Orthopedics + surgeon will determine the best type of graft for your specific case.

The most common indication for hip labral reconstruction is a young, active patient with a non-salvageable or deficient labrum who has instability, pain, and labrum dysfunction often as a result of repetitive use, trauma, hip joint malformation.

The surgery is performed under general anesthesia. During the procedure, the surgeon will gain access to the hip joint and insert an arthroscope and surgical instruments. The torn or damaged labrum is removed. The graft tissue is then inserted into the joint and anchored securely to the bone using sutures, anchors, or other techniques.

After the surgery, the patient will be monitored in the recovery room and discharged home as an outpatient procedure. Pain medication will be provided to manage any discomfort, and physical therapy may be recommended to help the patient regain strength and mobility in the hip joint.

The recovery time for hip arthroscopy labral reconstruction is gradual in nature and planned to return the patient back to baseline activity levels. Patients will need to use crutches or a walker and will need to wear a brace to support the hip joint during the initial stages of recovery. Physical therapy will be an important part of the recovery process to regain strength and mobility in the hip joint.

One of the advantages of hip arthroscopy labral reconstruction is that it can provide a more stable and durable labral repair than other techniques, particularly for large or complex tears that cannot be repaired. The use of graft tissue allows the surgeon to create a new labrum that can provide long-lasting support to the hip joint.

Why choose LALL Orthopedics + as your team for Arthroscopic Hip Labral Reconstruction?

Arthroscopic hip labral reconstruction is a specialized procedure that requires a skilled surgeon with experience in hip arthroscopy. At LALL Orthopedics +, as co-developers of the procedure itself, our surgeons are experts in arthroscopic hip labral reconstruction and will provide a personalized treatment plan based on each individual patient’s needs.

In addition, patients should follow their surgeon’s instructions carefully during the recovery period to ensure the best possible outcome. This may include physical therapy exercises, rest, and modifications to activities to prevent further injury to the hip joint.

Hip arthroscopy labral reconstruction is a complex surgical procedure that can provide long-lasting relief for patients with an irreparable labral tear of the hip joint. It may be the best option for young, active patients with complex tears that cannot be repaired using other techniques.

Contact LALL Orthopedics + with offices in Belvidere, Illinois; Paramus, NJ; and Philadelphia, PA to schedule a consultation to learn more about arthroscopic hip labral reconstruction.

At a Glance

Ajay C. Lall, MD, MS, FAAOS

  • Board Certified – Orthopedic Surgery
  • Triple Fellowship Trained
  • Performs over 750 Surgeries Per Year
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